Loneliness in Older Adults – Criticize Nursing Literature

Loneliness in Older Adults – Criticize Nursing Literature DETAILS
Criticize Nursing Literature

Purpose of paper/assignment: Criticize nursing literature

Read two articles found on lib website TAB: NUR201 (BOTH ARTICLE COPIES ATTACHED)

Two pages on each article. Read article at least four times Identify three things you learned from the article – not a summary Think outside the box, what did the article make you think about? From key points come up with two nursing actions “don’t say when you have a pt who had diabetes, I did this – think big picture Loneliness in Older Adults – Criticize Nursing Literature


One paragraph on how you would apply Watson’s caritas – in that discussion must show that you understand the caritas DO NOT JUST SAY: ”I’m going to apply Watson’s caritas number 7 for this pt…”

Do not need an intro paragraph, rather can you just a sentence that mentions the article and what it is about it AND write what the 3 points are in the first paragraph.

Two paragraphs on nursing action and third paragraph You apply Watson’s caritas

When you get into the second article, you can add a heading. Each paper is worth 20 and grammar is worth 5 Hand in rubric with paper with hard copy Article can be in first person – BUT be careful. Can use “I will use this information in this way…”, should not be using “we nurses…” or “us…” KEY POINTS are in the end parts of the review/articles Nursing action is something you do for your patient AND/OR what you do for yourself Example, “I want to go out and educate myself in this topic so I can provide better care” Can be an article that will help achieve your learning outcomes Scholarly paper, max 4 pages (not including cover page + references) – will not read past 4 pages

Two pages per article – it is NOT a creative writing assignment, it is a SCHOLARY paper APA format (referencing, double space, 12 font, 1” margin, etc)

Article 1


Loneliness has been identified a significant concern in the adult population. Loneliness is associated with old age due to multiple causes. Even though there is a gap in literature with regard to understanding what loneliness means in adults, it still remains that embodiments of loneliness are problems that affect older people (Smith, 2012). This article gives insight into 3 important issues related to loneliness, especially in the adult generation by first under how older people experience loneliness, secondly, how they cope with loneliness and third, how older people perceive loneliness and its effects on their well-being.

Judith Smith’s article on Loneliness in Older Adults is one of the important journals, especially in the field of gerontological nursing based on the informative insight that it offers, especially on aspects to do with the problem of loneliness that affects a huge number of the ageing population. Personally, on reading the article, I was so much informed on how loneliness, a small word, is much bigger and a worrying scope, especially to the growing number of older people in the society. The article did open my intellectual scope by far. Loneliness hurts. As Smith puts it, not having a person to talk to, pets to mingle with or a person to take care of your needs as you grow older is a worrying trend among the adult population in many places across the globe.

Smith argued that many older people experience loneliness in their everyday life due to disrupted meaningful engagement with others as a result of a host of age-related changes or problems that come with advanced age. However, majority of such people have tried their best to cope with loneliness by undertaking a number of practices that make them forget their loneliness such as telephoning families, visiting old friends and attending fun activities among others (Weinstein et al., 2016). It was further argued that loneliness can end up affecting the health or well-being of individuals as the embodiment of loneliness shows instances of fatigue, tension, emptiness and withdrawal which ends up affecting the health of such people.

Nursing interventions are however not far away. There are steps that can be followed to ensure that older people do not experience instances of loneliness. For instance, as a nurse, I would ensure that sensory organs of the older people such as eyes and ears are regularly checked so that they do not experience instances of loneliness. Secondly, I will ensure that I actively get involved with local area agencies dealing with aspects of aging on how assistance such as home-delivered meals, help with household chores, and transportation among can be provided to the older people.

Closely related to the above, I would apply Watson Caritas’ theory of human caring which argues that nurses should be individuals inhibiting traits of compassion mainly concerned with how a nurse can go about caring for their patients and how the caring aspect progresses or advances into better plans aimed at promoting the health and wellness, restoring health and preventing illnesses (Spoorenberg et al., 2015). To the old, I would ensure that such persons are accorded necessary care and other programs put in place to ensure that they forget their loneliness.

Article 2

            The pace at which older adults in many places across the globe is increasing is unimaginable. In the UK, for instance, life expectancy is increasing meaning that the percentage of the ageing population is increasing. In fact, by 2035, more than 25% of the adult population will be made of individuals above 65 years. However, older persons are vulnerable to a host of mental health challenges including anxiety, depression, drug and alcohol misuse, depression, anxiety and dementia (Eells, 2014). However, music is seen as a therapeutic intervention regarded as the most influential in promoting the wellbeing of the ageing population. It has been identified that music interventions can be used to promote the wellbeing of older adults. Materials to do with the effects of music on dementia and reducing agitated behavior in older adults have been widely published.

Effects of music on managing anxiety and other illnesses in older adults

Karen Eells wrote and published an informative medical journal on how the use of music can help to reduce anxiety in older adults. Eells reviewed the growing evidence suggesting that music is one nursing intervention that can be used to promote the wellbeing of older adults (Eells, 2014). Karen’s article is informative and eye opening. From reading the article, I learnt a lot of issues. Loneliness in Older Adults – Criticize Nursing Literature. Karen carefully crafts and shows evidenced-based case studies on how older people themselves prefer alternative actions such as relaxation and distraction, including listening to music and singing along to improving or promoting their wellbeing (Huei-chuan and Chang, 2005).

Nursing Interventions

Lately, a lot of people have been choosing nursing as a profession. Before making such choices, a lot of issues have to be considered. However, compassion, care, and the heart to be patient as some of the most common factors or traits required of nurses. In the context of the older populations, there are some interventions to improve the wellbeing of such people. For instance, as a nurse, I would ensure that the wellness of older adults is taken care of by first, making sure that such music as therapeutic interventions are used as means of promoting their wellbeing. This is informed by the growing body of research indicating that music can be healing to the extent of reducing anxiety and other illnesses (Choi, Lee and Lim, 2008). Loneliness in Older Adults – Criticize Nursing Literature.

Secondly, the aging population, due to their advanced age may lack the necessary advice on what activities to do or what foods to eat that can be crucial in lengthening their lives. For this reason, I would ensure that steps are put in place for nearly all health centres or come up with community initiatives on proper interventions that can be used to reach these people and advice them on best activities and foods to eat that can lengthen or prolong their lives.


Watson’s theory of Nursing

According to Watson’s theory, nursing is concerned with promoting health, preventing illnesses, caring for the sick, and restoring health. Her theory is concerned on how nurses can go about caring for their patients. To Watson, caring is central to nursing as it enhances health better than a simple medical cure (Huei-chuan and Chang, 2005). For this reason, I would employ nearly all of her concepts such as showing love, creating a healing environment, assisting with basic needs and engaging with the sick to promote wellness and the overall healing process. Loneliness in Older Adults – Criticize Nursing Literature.


The pace at which old people are increasing in nearly all communities across the globe is increasing on daily basis. Their numbers are increasing significantly but on the other hand, such people continue to face a host of challenges. For instance, loneliness is a growing worry that such people have to deal with. However, with nursing, there are a number of interventions that can be employed to ensure that such people can cope with loneliness in addition to other instances such as anxiety. By involving them in a number of activities in addition to using music, their wellness can be enhanced. Loneliness in Older Adults – Criticize Nursing Literature.


Choi, A., Lee, M. S., & Lim, H. (2008). Effects of Group Music Intervention on Depression, Anxiety, and Relationships in Psychiatric Patients: A Pilot Study. Journal Of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 14(5), 567-570.

Eells, K. (2014). THE USE OF MUSIC AND SINGING TO HELP MANAGE ANXIETY IN OLDER ADULTS. Mental Health Practice, 17(5), 10-17.

Huei-chuan, S., & Chang, A. M. (2005). Use of preferred music to decrease agitated behaviours in older people with dementia: a review of the literature. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 14(9), 1133-1140.

Smith, J. M. (2012). Toward a Better Understanding of Loneliness In Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Journal Of Psychology, 146(3), 293-311. Loneliness in Older Adults – Criticize Nursing Literature.

Spoorenberg, S. W., Wynia, K., Fokkens, A. S., Slotman, K., Kremer, H. H., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2015). Experiences of Community-Living Older Adults Receiving Integrated Care Based on the Chronic Care Model: A Qualitative Study. Plos ONE, 10(10), 1-21.

Weinstein, B. E., Sirow, L. W., & Moser, S. (2016). Relating Hearing Aid Use to Social and Emotional Loneliness in Older Adults. American Journal Of Audiology, 25(1), 54-61. Loneliness in Older Adults – Criticize Nursing Literature.




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