Typhoid Fever Essay – Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet

Typhoid Fever Essay – Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet

Typhoid Fever

Target Population

 

Typhoid fever is an emerging and re-emerging disease in the world, mostly in Africa. The Targeted audience or population include;

  • Nurses; They are the first responders to educate, assist, and implement the measures to control and treat the disease.
  • Patients
  • The public

What is Typhoid Fever

          

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Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a life-threatening bacterial infection caused by a specific type of Salmonella. Symptoms begin 6 to 30 days after exposure. It varies from mild to severe cases if not treated. There is a gradual onset of a high fever over several days. Symptoms include fever, abdominal pain, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, cough, or constipation. A confirmed case had Typhi isolated from blood, stool, or rectal swab culture. Typhoid Fever Essay – Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet

The Implications of the spread of Typhoid fever

 

Due to the unsanitary environment and drinking water, most people tend to contract Typhoid disease, which can lead to death.” Among 583 patients admitted with a diagnosis of suspected typhoid, complications occurred in 79 (14%), the most common being acute kidney injury (26), anemia (10), peritonitis (nine), and electrolyte abnormalities (nine). One patient experienced intestinal perforation.

Detection

 

Typhoid fever can be dictated by the onset of fever, abdominal pain, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, cough, or constipation. The fever can vary from mild to severe.

Prevention

 

Ø Provision of clean drinking water

Ø Adequate sanitation and clean environment

Ø safe food handling practices

Treatment of Typhoid fever

 

Ø Appropriate antibiotic use and vaccination.

Ø Proper handwashing.

“In January 2018, CDC collaborated with HCHD to standardize the collection, analysis, and interpretation of water quality data from wells, boreholes, and municipal taps. HCHD and partners paired this approach to improve water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) by assessing and repairing boreholes.

“Globally, overall rates of typhoid fever are reported to be falling; however, there are between 11.9 and 26.9 million cases of typhoid fever each year with 129,000 – 135,900 deaths”.

 

 

References;

Marchello, C. S., Hong, C. Y., & Crump, J. A. (2019). Global typhoid fever incidence: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 68(Supplement_2), S105-S116. https://www.slideserve.com/sandra_john/typhoid

 

N’cho, H. S. (2019). Notes from the Field: Typhoid Fever Outbreak—Harare, Zimbabwe, October 2017–February 2018. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 68.

 

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6802a5.htm

 

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14760584.2020.1750375

 

 

Assignment: Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet

Sir Francis Bacon said, “Knowledge is power.” This is most definitely true when it comes to diseases and how to prevent and treat them. As a nurse, you are charged with teaching patients how to prevent infectious diseases and what to do if they become infected. A powerful tool in your arsenal is the Fact Sheet. Usually comprised of one page of easy-to-read content, these leaflets can be distributed easily and can effectively inform your practice.

To prepare for this Assignment:

  • Select one disease that is either emerging or re-emerging in the world today.
  • Research the disease using both scholarly and non-scholarly resources.
  • Determine your audience (patients, other nurses, schools, etc.) that you would want to share the Fact Sheet with.
  • Select pieces of information that are appropriate for your audience.

By Day 7

Submit: A 1- to 2-page Fact Sheet.

  • Indicate the audience on the Fact Sheet.
  • Give a brief history of the disease.
  • What are the implications of the spread of the disease?
  • How does one detect and prevent the spread of this disease?
  • How is this disease treated?

Your Fact Sheet should be visually stimulating, appropriate for your audience, and formatted with bullet points for easy reading.

Support your “facts” with references.

Note: Your Fact Sheet must be supported with at least three scholarly sources of evidence in the literature.

Writing Resources and Program Success Tools

For this Assignment, review the following:

  • AWE Checklist (Level 4000)
  • Assignment Rubric

Submission and Grading Information

To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

  • Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK1Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
  • Click the Week 1 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
  • Click the Week 1 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
  • Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK1Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
  • If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
  • Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.
Excellent Proficient Basic Needs Improvement
Provided a brief history an emerging/reemerging disease.
23 (15.33%) – 25 (16.67%)
Provided a fully developed history of an emerging/reemerging disease with insightful analysis of concepts and related issues.
20 (13.33%) – 22 (14.67%)
Provided a developed history of an emerging/reemerging disease with reasonable analysis of concepts and related issues.
18 (12%) – 19 (12.67%)
Provided a minimally-developed history of an emerging/reemerging disease with limited analysis of concepts and related issues.
(0%) – 17 (11.33%)
Provided a under-developed history of an emerging/reemerging diseasewith little or no analysis of concepts and related issues.
Described the implications of the spread of the disease and included statistical data.
23 (15.33%) – 25 (16.67%)
Provided a fully developed description of the implications of the spread of the disease and included statistical data with insightful analysis of concepts and related issues.
20 (13.33%) – 22 (14.67%)
Provided a developed description of the implications of the spread of the disease and included statistical data with reasonable analysis of concepts and related issues.
18 (12%) – 19 (12.67%)
Provided a minimally-developed description of the implications of the spread of the disease and included statistical data with limited analysis of concepts and related issues.
(0%) – 17 (11.33%)
Provided a under-developed description of the implications of the spread of the disease and included statistical data with little or no analysis of concepts and related issues.
Described how to detect the disease and how to prevent the spread of the disease.

Typhoid Fever Essay – Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet

23 (15.33%) – 25 (16.67%)
Provided a fully developed description of how to detect the disease and how to prevent the spread of the disease with insightful analysis of concepts and related issues.
20 (13.33%) – 22 (14.67%)
Provided a developed description of how to detect the disease and how to prevent the spread of the disease with reasonable analysis of concepts and related issues.
18 (12%) – 19 (12.67%)
Provided a minimally-developed description of how to detect the disease and how to prevent the spread of the disease with limited analysis of concepts and related issues.
(0%) – 17 (11.33%)
Provided a under-developed description of how to detect the disease and how to prevent the spread of the disease with little or no analysis of concepts and related issues.
Described how the disease is treated.
23 (15.33%) – 25 (16.67%)
Provided a fully developed description of how the disease is treated with insightful analysis of concepts and related issues.
20 (13.33%) – 22 (14.67%)
Provided a developed description of how the disease is treated with reasonable analysis of concepts and related issues.
18 (12%) – 19 (12.67%)
Provided a minimally-developed description of how the disease is treated with limited analysis of concepts and related issues.
(0%) – 17 (11.33%)
Provided a under-developed description of how the disease is treated with little or no analysis of concepts and related issues.
Academic Writing Expectations (AWE 3) 4000 Level “Displays sentence and paragraph level skills: Constructs simple, complex and compound sentences; Writes without spelling, grammatical or syntax errors; Writes without sentence fragments or run on sentence; Uses punctuation appropriately; Writes appropriate introductions and conclusions. Demonstrates essay level skills: Cohesion and flow by using transition sentences; precision, clarity and academic tone; Awareness of discipline specific audience. Displays academic expression: Scholarly voice, evidence of the student’s own ideas with a well-organized presentation of evidence; Synthesizes resources by using own words; Limits use of quotes appropriately; Uses evidence from course learning resources, scholarly resources and seeks additional resources to support content as required in the assignment; A minimum of three references are required. “
23 (15.33%) – 25 (16.67%)
Demonstrates fully developed sentence, paragraph, and essay level skills. Displays academic expression through fully developed use of evidence from multiple sources to support content. Meets the 4000 AWE level with no writing issues and exceeds the minimum reference requirement.
20 (13.33%) – 22 (14.67%)
Demonstrates developed sentence, paragraph, and essay level skills. Displays academic expression through developed use of evidence from most sources to support content. Meets the 4000 AWE level with minimal writing issues and exceeds the minimum reference requirement.
18 (12%) – 19 (12.67%)
Demonstrates minimally developed sentence, paragraph, and essay level skills. Beginning to display academic expression through minimally developed use of evidence from some sources to support content. Minimally meets the 4000 AWE level with several writing issues and meets the minimum reference requirement.
Typhoid Fever Essay – Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet
(0%) – 17 (11.33%)
Demonstrates limited sentence, paragraph, and essay level skills. Does not display academic expression, has limited use of evidence with few or no sources to support the content. Does not meet the 4000 AWE level of writing and does not meet the mimium reference requirement.
APA “APA Formatting: cover page, title of paper on second page, level headings, Times New Roman 12 font, 1″” margins, and page numbers. APA References: Uses in-text citations appropriately and format correctly. Paraphrases to avoid plagiarizing the source. Reference list is in alphabetical order, hanging indent, double spaced in format. Each specific entry contains all information required by APA format including author, year of publication, title of publication, pages, DOI, website, as appropriate.”
23 (15.33%) – 25 (16.67%)
Demonstrates fully developed APA formatting and referencing requirements with no formatting errors.
20 (13.33%) – 22 (14.67%)
Demonstrates developed APA formatting and referencing requirements with minimal formatting errors.
18 (12%) – 19 (12.67%)
Demonstrates minimally developed APA formatting and referencing requirements with several formatting errors.
Typhoid Fever Essay – Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet
(0%) – 17 (11.33%)
Demonstrates limited APA formatting and referencing requirements with multiple formatting errors.
Total Points: 150
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