Purnell’s Theory for Cultural Competence Essay Writing Service

Purnell’s Theory for Cultural Competence Essay Writing Service

The Purnell Theory for Cultural Competence began as an organizing framework in 1991. The author of Purnell’s Theory on which we base our Purnell’s Theory for Cultural Competence Essay Writing Service, Purnell Larry, was lecturing undergraduate students and identified the need for staff and students to have a framework through which they could learn about their patients’s cultures including their families, as well as their own cultures. Basing on comments on comments from students, Purnell was convinced that cultural competence and ethnocentric behavior was inexistent. As a result, the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence was developed as an organizing framework having precise questions and a format that could be used to assess culture in clinical practice settings. All healthcare disciplines place an emphasis on communication as well as the need to know the ethno-cultural beliefs of patients. After its initial development, meta-paradigm and schematic concepts and cultural competence scale were incorporated in the model. The major assumptions of the Purnell’s model for cultural competence draw on a broader perspective, which implies that they are applicable in all environmental contexts and practice disciplines. In this regard, a healthcare provider who is cultural competent tends to be aware of his/her thoughts, existence, environment and sensations and does not let these factors influence the patient receiving care. Cultural competence entails adapting care in a way that it is consistent with the patient’s culture. The following are the major assumptions of the Purnell’s model for cultural competence, and whenever we provide Purnell’s Theory for Cultural Competence Essay Writing Service, we base our Purnell’s Theory on the same:

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  1. All healthcare disciplines require the same information regarding cultural diversity.
  2. All healthcare disciplines make use of the same meta-paradigm concepts of health, person, family, community and the global society.
  3. There is no culture that is better than the other; instead, they are merely different.
  4. There are core similarities across all cultures.
  5. There are differences within, between and among cultures.
  6. Cultures are subject to change gradually in a society that is stable;
  7. The level to which a culture differs from the dominant culture is determined by the secondary and primary characteristics of culture.
  8. If patients are co-participants in health care and are given the choice in selecting health-related interventions, plans and goals, then, there will be an improvement in health outcomes.
  9. Culture exerts a significant impact on a person’s interpretation of healthcare and how he/she responds to care.
  10. Families and individuals fit in numerous cultural groups.
  11. Each person deserves to be respected for his/her cultural heritage and uniqueness.
  12. Caregivers require both specific and general cultural information in order to offer care that is both culturally competent and sensitive.
  13. Assessments, plans and interventions that are culturally competent tend to improve patients’ care.
  14. Learning cultures is a continuing process that can be achieved in numerous ways but mainly via cultural encounters;
  15. Biases and prejudices can be lessened through cultural understanding.
  16. Effectiveness of care can be improved through reflecting on distinctive understanding of the life ways, beliefs, and values of individual acculturation patterns and diverse populations.
  17. Cultural and racial differences need the adaptations of the standard interventions.
  18. Cultural awareness tends to improve the self-awareness of the caregiver.
  19. Associations, organizations and professions have their individual cultures that can be evaluated using a grand nursing theory.

The Purnell’s model for cultural competence draws upon several theories and a research base of family development, communication, administrative and organizational theories including other disciplines such as linguistics, economics, history, religion, pharmacology, nutrition ecology, biology, physiology and anatomy, psychology and sociology. this is key to know in ordeer to offer high quality Purnell’s Theory for cultural competence essay writing service and produce high quality papers. The primary characteristics of culture comprise of concepts such as religious affiliation, age, gender, color, race and nationality whereas the secondary characteristics of culture comprises of concepts such as occupation, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, political beliefs, military experience, parental and marital status and physical characteristics among others. The schematic that is used to depict the Purnell’s model for cultural competence in the table below consists of a circle having an outlying rim that represents the global society, a second rim that represents the community, third rim that represents the family, a fourth inner rim that represents the individual and the mete-paradigm concepts. The inside of the concentric circles comprises of 12 pie-shaped wedges that are used to depict the cultural domains and their respective constructs. In the model, domains are interrelated and that each domain is influenced by a number of other domains. The centre of the Purnell’s model for cultural competence is empty; this denotes the unknown facets of a given cultural group. The bottom of the model has a saw-toothed line that is used to denote the level of cultural consciousness. Whenver you seek our Purnell’s Theory for cultural competence essay writing service, we put these into consideration. The saw-toothed line is linked to the healthcare provider. Since the meta-paradigm concepts in the Purnell’s model for cultural competence draw upon a broad perspective, they are not a reflection of a specific ethnic, cultural or national values and beliefs. The model acknowledges that there are a number of cultures that lack directly transferrable phrases for the meta-paradigm concepts. As a result, caregivers may be compelled to adapt the meta-paradigm concepts to match the cultural needs of the patient. For instance, the definition of a person may be different for individualistic and collectivistic cultures. A case in point is in Western cultures, whereby a person is defined as a standalone unique individual whereas in other cultures, a person may be defined with respect to a family or any other group. The following table summarizes the 12 domains in the Purnell’s Theory model.

Purnell’s Theory for cultural competence essay writing service domains

Domain Brief Description
Overview/Heritage Comprises of concepts that are related to occupation, educational status, reasons for immigration, politics, current residence, nationality, and the impacts of topography of nationality and current residence
Communication Comprises of concepts linked to the dominant dialects and language; variations in language use such as voice intonations, tone and volume; non verbal communication aspects such as eye contact, acceptable greetings, spatial distancing, touch, facial expressions and body language among others; social time versus clock time; and utilization of names
Family roles and organization Comprises of concepts associated with gender roles and household head; developmental tasks of adolescents and children; family priorities and roles; child rearing practices; and views regarding alternative lifestyles like sexual orientation, single parenting and marriages that are childless.
Workforce issues Comprises of concepts linked to individualism, ethnic styles of communication, gender roles, assimilation, acculturation, autonomy and healthcare practices in the country of origin
Bio-cultural ecology Comprises of racial and ethnic differences regarding skin color and physical differences such as topographical, endemic, hereditary and genetic diseases
High risk behaviors Comprises of concepts such as the use of recreational drugs, alcohol and tobacco; non utilization of safety measures; deficiency in physical activity; and high risk sexual behaviors
Nutrition Comprises of concepts such as sufficient food intake; food preferences, taboos and rituals; meanings associated with food; and how food is consumed during instances of illness
Pregnancy and child rearing practices Comprises of concepts associated with fertility practices; birth control methods and practices; views regarding pregnancy; taboo, restrictive and prescriptive practices relating to pregnancy, postpartum treatment and birthing
Spirituality Entails the use of prayer and religious practices; cultural behaviors that give meaning to life; and the sources of strength for the patient
Health care practice Entails the emphasis of care (preventive or acute); individual responsibility for his/her health; beliefs regarding traditional and biomedical; perceptions about mental illness and organ transplantation and donation
Health care practitioner Comprises of the perceptions, use and status of allopathic biomedical, magicoreligious and traditional care providers as well as the gender of the caregiver.

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